The best grain for a .30-06 is around 180-grain as many professional shooters consider it to be the perfect middle ground between power and accuracy. You might want to go with a smaller grain when hunting small game.
Keep reading to see a breakdown of optimal bullet grains for .30-06, as well as information on what makes some bullet grains better than others.
Different Grains for .30-06
The initial .30-03 cartridges were loaded with very heavy 220-grain bullets. The cartridges were intended to be fired with the Springfield Model 1903 rifle, which could handle more of the recoil from the heavier projectile. After the US army redesigned the .30-03 into the .30-06, they started using 150-grain bullets for greater range and balanced recoil.
Although the 180-grain is best for .30-06 cartridges, they come in a wide range of grain classifications, and certain applications will call for different projectile weights.
Here’s a YouTube video about TOP 5 Best .30-06 Ammo for Big-Game – Madman Review:
For example, indoor target shooting will favor lighter grains for increased accuracy. Shooting heavier game, such as bears or other large beasts, will generally favor heavier bullets. The choice also depends on your preference when shooting.
- 120-130-Grain: Lighter bullet grains are suitable for indoor target shooting or shooting smaller game at greater distances. Keep in mind that shooting lighter projectiles will make the bullet more susceptible to wind during flight, potentially driving your shot off course.
- 150-Grain: The US military used 150-grain bullets for their .30-06 firearms until they switched to 7.62x51mm NATO in 1954. 150-grain gives the bullet increased range compared to higher grains and is still heavy enough to perform well in windy conditions.
- 180-Grain: This is considered the best bullet grain for the .30-06 by most professional shooters. 180-grain gives you a good balance between power and accuracy. 180-grain bullets are suitable for a wide range of applications, including target shooting and deer hunting.
- 200-Grain: If you’re hunting something bigger that absolutely needs to die faster, then going with a heavier bullet might be a good idea. A 200-grain .30-06 cartridge is suitable for bears, moose, and other larger game animals. Keep in mind that heavier bullets will have shorter trajectories and are influenced much less by the wind while in flight.
Is Higher Grain Ammo Better?
Even within a single caliber, the weight of individual projectiles can vary widely. The bullet weight can greatly affect the ballistics of a projectile, so it’s essential to select a grain that matches your current situation.
Higher grain ammo is heavier, slower, and potentially more damaging. However, it is not necessarily better. The best grain for your ammunition depends on what, how, and where you are shooting.
If you’re shooting a smaller game from a greater distance, for example, using a higher grain might negatively affect accuracy. This is because the trajectory on a heavier bullet will begin to drop off sooner than a lighter bullet. The projectile might also be heavy enough to significantly damage the target beyond what you would want when hunting small game.
The projectile grain also has a significant effect on how different kinds of bullets will expand and internally damage the target upon impact. This is more important when shooting larger game such as deer or bears.
One of the most important factors when choosing the correct projectile weight is the twist rate on your rifle. The rifling on the inside of any gun barrel has a twist rate that can be “slower” or “faster” depending on the make and model of the gun. The most common twist rates for .30-06 are 1:10 and 1:12.
In other words, the rifling in a 30-06 barrel will do a complete rotation every 10 or 12 inches (25.4 to 30.4 cm). This twist rate is suitable for stabilizing bullets between 100 and 200 grains.
The .30-06 is a well-rounded cartridge used in a wide range of rifles. Different applications will call for different bullet grains, but most professional shooters consider 180-grain to be the perfect middle ground when shooting .30-06.
Always factor in your bullet grain and twist rate when shooting to make sure you’re using the most efficient projectile. Lighter grains might perform well for indoor target shooting, but they won’t have enough punch or accuracy for hunting large game outdoors. A twist rate of 1:10 or 1:12 is more common for the .30-06.
For more, check out Bullet Grain Chart By Caliber.
Hey, I’m Jim, and I’m the author of this website. I have been teaching people a wide variety of survivalism topics for over five years and have a lifetime of experience fishing, camping, general survivalism, and anything in nature. In fact, while growing up, I spent more time on the water than on land! I am also a best-selling author and have a degree in History, Anthropology, and Music. I hope you find value in the articles on this website. Feel free to contact me if you have any questions or input!